Forensic science is a subject that fascinates most of us. It is the major study of science and criminal justice. Forensic Science is essentially a crime laboratory-based profession. Defining fully it is,”the application of scientific knowledge and methodology to criminal investigations and legal problems. Forensic Science is a multidisciplinary subject, it encompasses various fields of science such as chemistry, biology, physics, geology, psychology, social science, engineering, etc.”

Forensic science is used every around the world to protect public health, to enforce criminal laws and regulations and to resolve civil disputes. The term forensic comes from the Latin term “forensis” that means “of or before the forum”. The history of the term originates from Roman times in the late nineteenth century.

Forensic scientists are who help to collect, preserve, and examining physical evidence during the course of an investigation. Forensic Scientist must be methodical, accurate and unbiased.

It is a good advantage for Medical science students to become forensic scientists. Forensic science is not a branch or discipline of science, but it is a catch-all for various distinct branches. Whereas in today’s world forensic has different classification too from different backgrounds.

There are different form of forensic science that includes :-

  • Physiological (Anthropology, Biology, Bloodstain pattern analysis, Botany, Dentistry, DNA phenotyping, DNA profiling, Entomology, Epidemiology, Medicine, Palynology, Pathology, Podiatry Toxicology) Criminology ( Body Identification, Criminal Profiling, Criminal Polygraph, Fingerprint Analysis, Facial Reconstruction, Palmprint analysis, Gloveprint Analysis, questioned & Document examination etc)
  • Digital Forensics (Computer exams, Data analysis, Database study, Mobile devices, Network analysis, Photography, Video analysis, Audio analysis etc)
  • Accounting Forensics ( insurance claims, personal injury claims, fraud, anti-money-laundering, royalty audits, Economic Damages, Bankruptcy, insolvency, white collar crimes, Tax-Fraud, Breach of Contract etc)

Skills Required:

  1. Knowledge of various fields of science
  2. Technical Skills
  3. Intelligent
  4. Strong Analytical Skills
  5. Keen Observation

Due to increase in crime rate and criminals, the scope of Forensic Science is increased exponentially. There are lots of job opportunities in the field of Forensic Science. The need of forensic scientists is huge all around the world, especially in India. Some of the forensic scientists visit the crime scene to collect the evidence themselves and another one work in a forensic laboratory to perform analysis on objects.

In the forensic laboratory, they testify as expert observers in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the defense or the prosecution. Forensic scientists can be employed in the government sector. They work in different law enforcement agencies and investigation departments such as police, investigative services of state and central government and legal system. Some of the private agencies also employed those candidates who have some qualification in this field.

The scope of forensic science study is vast. You can get jobs in various governments & private sectors. The study will improve your skills and knowledge. After completing your degree, you can open your own forensic practice & forensic service offices. You also may employ in Forensic Laboratories, Detective Offices, Banks and other Govt. and private agencies. A trained forensic scientist may hire by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) & Intelligence Bureau (IB), National Intelligence Agency or any other Law-Enforcement Agencies, Insurance Agencies, Hospitals etc.

You can also work as a freelancer as forensic scientists specializing in one segment & can be paid much. You can also work as a legal counselor after gaining experience as a Forensic Scientist.
Teaching is another interesting career for forensic scientists. You can work in the institutions that impart education in forensic science.

There are endless opportunities in this field because of unlimited crimes in the world is happening. So, the job opportunities in the field of forensic science are also endless. You can get a job in everywhere in India or in overseas.

Below are some of the top designations in the field of forensic science:

–Investigative officers
–Legal counselors
–Forensic Expert
–Forensic Scientist
–Crime Scene Investigator
–Teacher / Professor
–Crime Reporter
–Forensic Engineer
–Law Consultant
–Handwriting Expert

Most of the jobs of forensic science are in the government sector that why the salary is strictly based on the structure and pay scale. In Private sector, the agencies offer handsome salaries to experienced candidates. After completing a qualification in forensic science, the starting salary is between Rs. 5 Lac to Rs. 8 Lac per annum. With experience, professionals can earn Rs 10 Lac to Rs 15 Lacs per year.

If you are working in abroad, then you can earn the average salary of $65,040 per year.

Consequently, this industry is certainly not shrinking and can offer an extremely interesting and satisfying career for the right person who is prepared to work long and sometimes unsocial hours.